The COC After Neef: Let the Rebuilding Begin


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It is official. Alexander Neef, general director of the Canadian Opera Company, will take the reins of the Paris Opera in September, a year ahead of schedule.

Well, Alexander, bon voyage. That’s French for “good riddance.” The needs of the COC are obviously acute in the era of COVID-19, but the company will probably fare better without a chronic underachiever in the executive suite.

For the sake of appearances Neef will hold on to the Toronto title while he settles into his Paris quarters. “Being able to minimize air travel remains the safest course of action for my family right now,” was the explanation trotted out in the press release.

“We are deeply appreciative of [Neef’s] unwavering dedication to the COC and are confident he will excel in leading both companies forward until his successor is fully on board,” said COC chairman Jonathan Morgan in this statement, offering evidence, if any were needed, that we live in an age of malleable truth.

Unwavering dedication. This of a general director who took a summer job in 2018 as artistic director of the Santa Fe Opera. This of a general director who negotiated a sweetheart contract that had him in Toronto until 2026.

Neef was not a disaster in every respect. The former casting director in Paris under the late Gérard Mortier brought this skill (and this skill only) to Toronto in 2008. He had his favourites, which were not always mine, but he could assemble a decent squad of singers to staff an otherwise ghastly production of The Marriage of Figaro or Die Fledermaus.

What Neef failed to do spectacularly is build an audience. It is a failure that one might attribute to the vagaries of the economy, the advent of livestreaming, the price of parking or any number of standard-issue excuses that have potential validity anywhere. But there is a central and specific explanation for the underperformance of the COC: a parade of supposedly innovative productions that required a manifesto from the stage director to understand and a six-pack of Red Bull to sit through.

To some readers this conclusion might appear to be just a little tainted by personal opinion, so let us look at the numbers. In 2014-15 Neef cut back the COC season from seven mainstage productions to six (one of these being a double bill). He did this despite the company’s residency at the Four Seasons Centre, a beautiful house at a perfect downtown intersection with excellent subway access in a metropolis that was deemed to have surpassed Chicago in size by population.

Chicago offers an interesting comparison. In a non-pandemic season, the Lyric Opera mounts eight mainstage productions. In terms of capacity, the Civic Opera House, after a renovation now in progress, will clock in at 3,276 seats, compared to 2,071 at the Four Seasons Centre. It is a distinction worth keeping in mind when the COC announces what appear to be tolerably high attendance percentages. Ninety percent in a facility as compact as the Four Seasons Centre is nothing to crow about.

Especially when you consider the numbers the COC itself posted in 2008-09, a season booked substantially by former COC general director Richard Bradshaw (1944-2007). Back then, 99% crowds turned up to 64 performances (as opposed to 48 performances in 2018-19). One might argue that the Four Seasons Centre in 2008 was still a novelty, but so too was the financial crisis.

Since the middle of the ensuing decade the bottom line has sunk steadily. From 2014-15 to 2018-19 ticket sales plunged from 105,086 to 82,199. Average attendance dropped from 92% to 86%. (Remember, attendance percentage should rise as performances decrease.) Subscriptions dropped from 63,603 tickets in 2014-15 to 48,214 tickets in 2018-19. Overall ticket revenue was down from $9.4 million to $8 million.

It might be objected that live performance is under pressure in an increasingly digital world. Even before COVID-19 stimulated a global acceleration of online activity, the 2010s were notable for the electronic expansion of opera. Neef has done little to take advantage of this trend. Indeed, his most notable contribution to the evolution of public access in 2012 was to fail to reach an agreement with the COC Orchestra that would have kept Toronto productions on the docket of the CBC radio standby, Saturday Afternoon at the Opera.

If all the mediocrity in metrics came about in spite of season after season of artistic splendour, it might be possible to characterize Neef as a European visionary whose ideas were too advanced for the sprawling North American backwater in which he found himself. In reality, Neef’s taste for modern dress and gratuitous directorial glosses created a sequence of pretentious flops that might be easy to write off in a state-supported European house but are deadly to a company that operates on a precarious mix of box office, philanthropy, goodwill and government grants.

Even those who stroked their chins thoughtfully at the appearance of Sumo wrestlers in Handel’s Semele or the use of a telephone by the title character in Mozart’s La Clemenza di Tito were sometimes moved to question the record of this nominally national company as a producer of Canadian opera. The only full-length mainstage Canadian works to which Neef gave the green light were Rufus Wainwright’s Hadrian, which could not possibly have failed to attract an audience, and Harry Somers’s Louis Riel, a proven classic.

I could continue, but it is possible to pile on, even by yourself. The point is to learn from the Neef years and restart a company with an honourable history, a wonderful house and a huge potential market. The search for a successor has begun. This individual will have much to repair and much to restore when the pandemic subsides. At least there is a clear blueprint of how not to move forward.

An expanded version of this article is available here

This page is also available in / Cette page est également disponible en: Francais (French)


About Author

Arthur Kaptainis has been a classical music critic since 1986. His articles have appeared in Classical Voice North America and La Scena Musicale as well as Musical Toronto. Arthur holds an MA in musicology from the University of Toronto. Since 2019, Arthur is co-editor of La Scena Musicale.

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