This Day in Music – 1877: Ernő Dohnányi Born

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Ernő Dohnányi, This Day in music

Ernő Dohnányi

Probably the most famous Hungarian pianist not named Franz, Pozsony’s Ernő Dohnányi would carve out a prolific career full of virtuosic renown and panache. The young Dohnanyi entered the Budapest conservatory at seventeen to study piano and composition with a student of Liszt and a disciple of Brahms before making his debut a year later. His transcendent keyboard skills would quickly garner him renown in the music world with an elderly Brahms organizing the Vienna Premiere of Dohnányi’s Piano Quintet Opus No. 1.

After the conservatory Dohnányi would be greeted with rapturous crowds, almost on par with Liszt’s famously riotous and lascivious concerts, particularly for his astonishing performance of Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No. 4 before transitioning to a patronage of national Hungarian arts. Among those championed by Dohnányi were Bartók, and Kodály. Dohnányi was also instrumental in the education of legendary pianist Gyogy Cziffra.

Yet, Dohnányi’s career would stagnate during World War Two as his defiance to Nazi rule of Hungary led to his resignation and departure to Austria. Dohnányi’s attempts to protect Jewish musicians also failed. After the war, his reputation was tarnished and a cabal prevented him from continuing a music career in Europe. In his later life, he moved to the United States to teach with tenured position, a welcome change from the turbulence of Europe.

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Of style, Dohnányi is often said to be a mixture of Liszt and Brahms, trends that have roots to his earliest musical training. The piano music is notoriously virtuosic and technically demanding while the orchestral and chamber works follow the grand Germanic Classical structures.

The Hungarian government would posthumously bestow on Dohnányi the highest civilian honour of the Kossuth Prize.

Listen to Jascha Heifetz play “Gypsy Andante” from Ruralia Hungarica

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About Author

Editorial Assistant Weiyu Dang currently lives in Montreal because of his intense affection for the STM. While he attends McGill to pursue a double major in English and History, Young Wei purposefully lives far from school to capitalize on the metro commute potential. Musical interests include Bartok, Hard Bop, and YG. Weiyu worked for La Scena Musicale from July 4th to August 1st, 2016.

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